Scope of Piping: Inputs and Outputs of Piping Discipline - What is Piping

Scope of Piping: Inputs and Outputs of Piping Discipline

Piping Engineering is not a standalone activity. To sucessfully finish all engineering aspects piping engineer needs to depend on other discipline in terms of input and output. While designing a piping system, many inputs are required from other disciplines and at the same time inputs are given to other disciplines too. There are also few outputs generated by piping which are required for procurement, erection and fabrication of the piping system. This article will list few of such inputs and outputs to give the readers an idea in brief.

Inputs to Piping discipline:

  • Requirement from client: Plot area and location, statutory requirement, special requirements, softwares to be used etc.
  • Process licencor: Project design basis, design code, plot plan, PFDs(Process Flow Diagram), P&IDs (Process and Instrumentation Diagram), PDS (Process Data Sheet), process description, equipment list, line list, site data, licensor, capacity etc.
  • Process information: Process data sheet showing overall dimensions, supporting arrangement, all nozzles location, size, rating, etc. for equipment.
  • Civil/Structural layout, drawing: Effluent & drain sewers layouts and manholes location.
    Civil drawings (plan and elevation) for the facilities within the unit like instrumentation control room, electrical sub-station, and laboratory.
    Pipe racks and technological structure foundation drawings.
    Civil drawings for platforms.
    Tank settlement data. Soil Properties.
  • Instrument drawing:
    Tray width requirement on pipe rack/sleepers.
    Instrumentation hook-up drawing.
    Instruments drawings for control valves, safety valves, inline instruments etc.
  • Electrical layout:
    Tray width requirement on pipe rack/pipe sleepers and cable trenches width in units/off-site.
    Electrical cable tray layout.
  • Mechanical (Static/Rotary/Package) layout:
    Mechanical datasheets for equipment like columns, vessels, tanks etc. Layout drawing of packages items showing auxiliary equipment.
  • HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air conditioning): Layouts showing the HVAC duct size and the location.
Piping Vs Other Disciplines
Fig. 2: Piping Vs Other Disciplines

Outputs from Piping discipline:

  • Overall plot plan showing location of various units, tankfarms, offsite, package units, non-plant buildings, roads, culverts, piperacks, sleepers, etc.
  • PMS (Piping Material Specification)& VMS (Valve Material Specification).
  • Equipment general arrangement drawing/layouts indicating the location of all the equipment within the unit, platforms , ladders, overhead crane elevation, monorail location, cutouts for piping.
  • Piperack general arrangement drawing & structures for equipment support
  • Piping general arrangement drawing/Layouts showing all the piping and equipment.
  • Piping Bill of Materials (BOM) with technical evaluation and technical bid analysis (TBA).
  • Piping stress analysis report for the critical lines.
  • Support loading for critical lines for structure design.
  • Drawing showing the vessel cleats location for pipe supports and platform/ladder.
  • Layout for underground services.
  • Piping isometrics with bill of material.
  • Support location plan, support schedule, pipe support drawings.
  • Purchase specification for insulation, painting, wrapping and coating.
  • Material handling study.
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