A short briefing about REINFORCING PAD for beginners

Reinforcing Pad or RePAD or RF Pad (Fig. 1) is a donut shaped pad that goes around the branch of a branch joint to add strength to the joint. It resembles a round metal washer that has been bent to conform to the curvature of the pipe. RePADs or RF Pads are plates used to reinforce components or nozzles by increasing thickness local to the component on high stressed zones. These are made from the same size and material as the pipe header to which they are welded. On pipes or Pressure vessels holes are made in form of nozzle or branch intersection and thus the parent pipe/ vessel is weakened and high stress zones created. Hence, It is obvious to compensate this weakness with a Reinforcing Pad to reduce possibility of failure, as it strengthen the piping branch connection or the pressure vessel nozzle.


  1. Normally Reinforcing pads are used at stub-on and stub-in branch connections if required per the line list or if required per the branch chart in the piping material specification. By using reinforcing pads it is not required to strengthen the complete header pipe. Clause 304.3.3 of ASME B 31.3 provides equations to check if any welded piping branch connection requires reinforcement.
  2. Support trunnions are provided with reinforcement when specified by piping stress engineers. When supports loads of trunnions are more than the bearing capability of the trunnion, reinforcing pads are welded at the parent pipe and trunnion junction to enhance its load carrying capability. However please keep in mind that reinforcement on trunnions from elbows are not suggested as standard practice, So it should be avoided to the maximum extent possible. Requirement of reinforcement must be specifically mentioned in the isometric drawing for conveying to construction team.
  3. Equipment nozzle connections are normally reinforced so that nozzles can carry more loads and moments from piping side.
  4. Sometimes, Reinforcing pads are provided in between shoe or saddle support and parent pipe when parent pipe thickness is less than required.
Fig. 1: Typical Reinforcing PADs

Normally Maximum thickness that is used in engineering companies as reinforcing pad thickness is 1.5 times parent pipe thickness. Standard practice is to use same thickness as the parent pipe. Clause 328.5.4.g of ASME B31.3 mentions that Reinforcing pads and saddles shall have a good fit with the parts to which they are attached. A vent hole shall be provided at the side (not at the crotch) of any pad or saddle to reveal leakage in the weld between branch and run and to allow venting during welding and heat treatment. A pad or saddle may be made in more than one piece if joints between pieces have strength equivalent to pad or saddle parent metal, and if each piece has a vent hole.

Reinforcing pad symbol in Drawings: Fig. 2 shows normal symbol that is used in piping drawings.

Fig. 2: Reinforcing PAD symbol

The reinforcing pad is a ring cut from steel plate that has a hole in the center equal to the outside diameter of the branch connection. It is slipped onto the branch pipe before the branch pipe is welded to the header. Once the branch has been welded to the header, the reinforcing pad is slid down the branch to cover the weld connection. The reinforcing pad is then welded to both the branch and the header.

Part of this article is prepared by Mr. Satish Atmanathan, a senior oil and gas professionals with extensive work experience. For more detailed explanation about all the above parts and visualization, listen directly to him on the the following video:

Reinforcing PAD Video

Anup Kumar Dey

I am a Mechanical Engineer turned into a Piping Engineer. Currently, I work in a reputed MNC as a Senior Piping Stress Engineer. I am very much passionate about blogging and always tried to do unique things. This website is my first venture into the world of blogging with the aim of connecting with other piping engineers around the world.

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