Pipe Rack and Rack Piping: A presentation

Pipe Rack and Rack Piping: A presentation

This is a small presentation on Pipe Rack and Rack Piping. It will be very helpful for the beginners into piping industry. This article will cover the following points in brief: INTRODUCTION PIPE RACK Pipe Rack design criteria Shapes Future…

Methods for checking flange leakage

Methods for checking flange leakage

Introduction: Leakage is a function of the relative stiffnesses of the flange, gasket and bolting. Flanges are designed to remain leak free under hydrostatic test pressure when cold and under operating pressure when hot. The design of flanges (ASME B…

Basics for Fatigue Analysis of Piping System using Caesar II

Basics for Fatigue Analysis of Piping System using Caesar II

Introduction:   Fatigue is the progressive and localized structural damage that occurs when a material is subjected to cyclic loading. Continued cycling of high stress concentrations may eventually cause a crack which propagates and results in leakages. This failure mechanism…

Consideration of Flanged Bend while modeling in Caesar II

Consideration of Flanged Bend while modeling in Caesar II

You must be aware that in most of the situation flanges are attached near elbows or bends (Near Control Valve assembly and equipment nozzles). This rigid attachment exerts a severe restraining force to the flexibility of the bend, thus reducing…

Tee Connection: A short literature for piping engineers

Tee Connection: A short literature for piping engineers

Tee Connection: Tees are used either for dividing main flow in two streams or for combining flow from two streams. The term most probably comes from the resemblance of the English letter Tee. The main run pipe is often termed…

Piping Elbow or Bend SIF (Stress Intensification Factor)

Piping Elbow or Bend SIF (Stress Intensification Factor)

The term SIF is too confusing for many of the piping engineers. Thats why the following article is taken to explain the bend SIFs in simple language. Every piping Engineer who possess a little basic of Piping Stress Analysis theory…

Supporting of Piping Systems: Few Guidelines

Supporting of Piping Systems: Few Guidelines

Introduction: Piping systems -Major Part of any hydrocarbon industry. Pipes as irregular space frames –usually not self supporting. Proper pipe support knowledge during layout stage is advantageous. Loads to be transmitted from pipe to supporting structures with the help of…